As promised, EFS is now ready to reveal much more of our Light Element Electric Fusion (LEEF) technology.
I will start with the fuel, which is the real breakthrough.
The compound, Li(NH3)4(Xe)12, is a complex chemical compound. It consists of one lithium atom, four nitrogen atoms, twelve hydrogen atoms, and twelve xenon atoms.
The molar mass of this compound is approximately 1650.6 g/mol. The elemental composition is as follows:
- Lithium (Li): 3.45% mole percent, 0.420% mass
- Nitrogen (N): 13.8% mole percent, 3.394% mass
- Hydrogen (H): 41.4% mole percent, 0.7328% mass
- Xenon (Xe): 41.4% mole percent, 95.45% mass
EFS has discovered how to synthesize this compound in such a way to create a fuel that is a dense, low-temperature amalgamation of noble gas, lithium, and ammonia. This unique combination forms a heavy Rydberg matter fuel. Rydberg matter is a phase of matter formed by Rydberg atoms, which are atoms in a high-energy state with a large atomic radius or principal quantum number. This heavy Rydberg matter fuel modifies the distribution of electrons and ions, which significantly changes the conditions for proton-lithium fusion.
The heavy Rydberg structure of the fuel condensate substitutes several ammonium ions in place of electrons of the lithium, resulting in internuclear distances of a few angstroms, which places the reactants within the atomic radius of lithium.
The fusion process is initiated by a resonant oscillating electrical flash arc and subsequent electron/charge and photo-flash dissociation of the fusion fuel. This leads to a supercritical reactant state that yields a dense plasma of excited heavy Rydberg ions. The resulting coulomb explosions, shockwaves, and fusion events produce energetic alpha decay particles.
The kinetic energy of these charged particles is harvested through inductive coupling to the extreme dipole moments of the heavy Rydberg ion fuel. This energy is also captured electrically as an active capacitively coupled component in the oscillating electrical circuit.
Is the Lawson Criterion Logical in this Case?
To calculate the Lawson criteria for EFS LEEF HRM Lithium proton fusion, we need to consider the relevant parameters and equations.
The Lawson criteria are typically expressed as the product of plasma density (n), plasma temperature (T), and plasma confinement time (τ).
1. Plasma Density (n):
For liquid density plasma, we can assume a density of 0.6 g/cm^3, which is equivalent to 6 × 10^21 particles/cm^3.
2. Plasma Temperature (T):
Given a temperature of 5000 K, we convert it to electron volts (eV) using the Boltzmann constant:
T (eV) = T (K) * k_B (eV/K) Using k_B = 8.617333262145 × 10^(-5) eV/K, we have:
T (eV) = 5000 * 8.617333262145 × 10^(-5) eV/K ≈ 0.430866631
3. Plasma Confinement Time (τ):
Assuming a confinement time of 1 ms (0.001 seconds).
Now, we can calculate the Lawson criteria:
n * τ * T^3
Substituting the values:
Lawson Criteria = (6 × 10^21 particles/cm^3) * (0.001 seconds) * (0.430866631 eV)^3
Calculating the Lawson Criteria:
Lawson Criteria ≈ 5.247 × 10^7 particles·cm^(-3)·s·eV^3
Comparison with Mainstream D-T Fusion:
The Lawson Criteria for EFS LEEF HRM Lithium & Hydrogen fusion can be compared to the Lawson Criteria for mainstream Deuterium-Tritium (D-T) fusion. In D-T fusion, the plasma conditions are typically different, and the parameters may vary. However, for comparison purposes, let us consider a typical D-T fusion Lawson Criteria. In D-T fusion, a typical Lawson Criteria is around 1 × 10^14 particles·cm^(-3)·s·eV^3.
By comparing the Lawson Criteria of EFS LEEF HRM Lithium & Hydrogen fusion (5.247 × 10^7 particles·cm^(-3)·s·eV^3) with the mainstream D-T fusion Lawson Criteria (1 × 10^14 particles·cm^(-3)·s·eV^3), we can see that the mainstream D-T fusion has a significantly higher Lawson Criteria.
This indicates that mainstream D-T fusion requires much higher plasma densities, temperatures, and confinement times to achieve self-sustained fusion reactions.
The traditional Lawson criterion is not an adequate measure of the LEEF process due to its unique fuel environment that does not suffer radiative losses like those of hot thermonuclear plasma, which has corresponding loss vectors like electron cyclotron emissions.
The LEEF burn occurs instantaneously, through a Coulomb explosion, and the products kinetically thermalize instead of radiatively losing energy. This thermal energy is transferred into the surrounding dense Rydberg matter fuel and is inductively coupled to the reactor magnetic domain as well as electrically, as an active component. The electromagnetic energy is kept in oscillation and well-conserved.
Therefore, it is necessary to analyze LEEF in terms of cross-sections. For example, the established linear accelerator cross section for hot proton-lithium fusion is lower than for deuterium- tritium fusion. However, the unique properties of heavy Rydberg ions must be considered when evaluating LEEF. These properties are determined by the properties of the constituent(s) as a whole, masked behind one or more electrons in quantum states of the Rydberg ion, as if the core(s) were monatomic. Heavy Rydberg ions have a charge and mass ratio that is modified due to the Rydberg structure of ions and electrons.
EFS's heavy Rydberg ion fuel is a cluster of lithium, hydrogen, and nitrogen, totaling ~24 molecular mass, yet the Rydberg structure of ions and electrons present charge spatial effects resembling that of hydrogen. The atomic radius of the Li(NH3)4 Rydberg ion is on the order of 2-3 Angstroms, on par with lithium, and a mass of ~24 suggests a dramatic reduction in Coulomb repulsion. In fact, we condense the heavy Rydberg ion fuel to a liquid via hydrogen bonds.
The structure of the heavy Rydberg ion fuel surrounds the lithium with a shell of 12 hydrogen, resulting in a complex ion that is uniquely and ideally suited for fusion fuel. Electron and optical pumping of the fuel volume results in an accumulating internal excitation in the fuel ions. The wave functions of the lithium confined to the tight ammonia shell require further research. This combines the fusible elements into a heavy Rydberg matter atom/ion that can be impacted in nearly any vector driving nuclear fusion events.
Electron distribution in high Rydberg wave functions along with electron degeneracy combined with charge masking effects induced by Rydberg states of ion clusters in a dense mixture of EFS's heavy Rydberg matter fuel is a method for increasing the fusion probabilities in a low ignition temperature environment. This makes the power appliance design much easier. This shielding of the nuclear Coulomb repulsion in EFS's heavy Rydberg matter fuel mixture notably improves cross-sections and fusion probabilities.