Here we keep a running list of the people who are actively engaged in the pursuit of fusion
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Richard Hull
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Post by Richard Hull » Fri May 31, 2002 2:14 pm

*********************Recent Additions****************************

Ameen Aydan ...admitted to the neutron club 9/19/20

This is a list of AMATEUR fusioneers and experimenters.

It can include private individuals who receive aid and
assistance which might include financial help,
equipment donation and professional scientific guidance.
i.e. students in high school or college doing a fusor
project, science fair exhibit, etc.

Plasma Club:

As of 8/20/20 the entire former plasma club listing has been purged and new rules listed below shall apply for entry into the plasma club. No exceptions!
If you feel your name has been purged, but that you meet or have met, in the past, all of the criteria listed below for inclusion, Please forward the posting URL in which you give all of the data and equipment mentioned below. If you only make 80% of the criteria, please work, accumulate and use your new 20% and re-enter a new posting with the below criteria and you will be added... private message me with the URL if you have questions.

Richard Hull...................

New 2020 Official criteria for admission to the Plasma club.

As this site is dedicated to fusion by the amateur scientist and not to the dabbler with a glow in a jar, we are establishing a minimum criteria for entry into the plasma club. This is to prove a desire to perform and to create, to a useful degree, a learning system related to the study of electrical, ionic plasmas. This is to show and demonstrate a desire to enter into a the learning process and understanding of vacuum, high voltage and instrumentation that are normal to all fusion processes. One need not continue on to do fusion, but must pass the test of a person at least interested in and capable of demonstrating a functional system capable of studying and researching for their edification and knowledge, a useful plasma study device. We refer to this device as a "demo fusor" It is so closely bound to a real fusor, it is a virtual "work-a-like" system.

To be entered into the plasma club, you must have the following physical items:

1. Have some sort of suitable, "vacuum safe" vessel. (Common glass jars are not allowed. Suitable glass bell jars are allowed as are metal containers such as cylinders, spheres, crosses, or tees)
2. Possess a viable mechanical vacuum pump.
3. Have an electrical or electronic vacuum gauge. (common vacuum gauges that are purely mechanical are not suitable to satisfy this criterion.)
4. Possess or construct a fully variable, direct current high voltage supply capable of at least 3,000 volts.
5. Have a high voltage voltmeter and current meter to measure electrical characteristics for the plasma under study.
6. Have a view port that will allow the user to view and take a photographic image of the plasma under study.
7. Have a centrally located, electrically insulated, grid of some rather symmetrical smooth form that will support the high voltage injected to create the plasma. (A jumble of twisted wire is not allowed)

To be accepted with the above items in hand, the applicant must have a history of postings that will allow those here to adjudicate the success of the effort. they are listed below.

1. Have reported in some minimal stream of postings the process of assembly over time.
2. To have shown in the post seeking inclusion into the plasma club, the following:
A visible image of the plasma within the grid. A full image of their system with instrumentation visible as well as the claimant in the image. (we hope you are proud enough to let us see yourself and your work all together). The applicant shall also include a statement of the pressure of the air or gas in the vacuum chamber, the voltage and current used to generate the plasma and image.

Names are not purged from this list unless you move onto the Neutron club listing.

The Plasma Club

Neutron Club:

This usually demands that a pre-existing plasma club member indicate
that he has added deuterium and has either activated a material
or has supplied a neutron counter or bubble detector reading along with an image
of the system with counter, bubble detector or method of activation apparatus
visible beside the fusion apparatus with a full description of his
run with data taken. Obviously, no one can see neutrons being
produced,but we should see proof that you can actually record
their passage via some sort of suitable apparatus.

Basically, an applicant for the neutron club must present proof in both images
and a full technical data disclosure indicating fusion has ,indeed, taken place.
This evidence should show the detection system and the fusor setup itself
along with all of the operational conditions during fusion and data recording.
Any applicant may be questioned by any number of Neutron club members upon
application and submission of proof. They should be prepared to further
clarify or exhibit knowledge of the data or processes used.

See the strict rules for joining the neutron club at:


And a sample submission at:



The neutron club, as of 8/20/20, will now be separated into two groups.

1. "The Elite Fusioneers" Those fusioneers who have gone on to use fusion to neutron activate a substance and proven they have done it. (This is the key must-have criterion!) Activation will prove that the fusioneer has done more than barely "tickle" a neutron counter and then leave. This elite class fusioneer can also include those who have contributed in new areas of research and development in a manner that furthers or enhances future efforts by others. Most among the "Elite" are very serious fusioneers who stick with the effort and have a decent history of posting and assisting others.

2. "The Fusioneers" Those who have proven they have done fusion. This listing sadly contains a large number of mostly younger people who were only "in it to win it" and immediately left the scene. Fortunately, a decent number in this listing are notable, long time posters and as such have notations by their names representing some special points related to them.

These separate listings are organized by the date order, as much as is possible, of those qualifying under the rules. In some cases the date of original fusion (fusioneer status) is much different from the date that were admitted to the definition of the elite status. Both dates and any special data of merit are to be noted after the name, if known. No person's name can appear in both lists.

This neutron club listing cannot include fusion work done by organizations or
professional people involved in this work for pay or profit unless
the effort is done "on the side" as a personal effort.
i.e. Tom Ligon - Bussard fusion effort

The Neutron Club

These people have operated a neutron producing fusor or fusion system, (normally d-d fusion):
They have shown via rigorous examination, by their peers, that their finished product and data are all in order and certify that they have done fusion.
This represents a significant and signal accomplishment for a single amateur scientist or amateur group under proper supervision.


Elite fusioners - most honored

Jon Rosenstiel - Mega neutron mark 10e6 11/02. First to ever do neutron activation 12/17/02. Numerous innovations. - Showed proton recoil in cloud chamber. - Long time contributor 2001 to date! - Hosted two gatherings of fusioneers on the west coast at his home and lab. *** 3 star elite member.

Carl Willis - 2nd person to ever do neutron activation 12/13/03. - Extremely active, long time poster. - Helped all here in so many incalculable ways with useful data. ***3 star elite

Brian McDermott - 3rd person to ever do neutron activation 4/11/05. Contributed detailed data regularly for a period of time.

Richard Hull - First to ever do Amateur fusion in a fusor 2/99. - 10e5 neutron mark 8/99. - Fourth to ever do neutron activation 9/25/05. - Wrote 99.5% of all FAQs. Longest extant poster 1998 - to date. - Hosts a yearly High Energy Amateur Science gathering of fusioneers and a flea market of fusion goods at his lab. Now in its 31st year. *** 3 star elite member

Joe Gayo 1/15/19 first to design and make a cube fusor. Joe actually constructed a number of high performing cube systems.

Mark Rowley 7/21/19 Mark later was the first amateur to do fusion in a linear pinch discharge device 11/24/19. - Mark did activation 7/20. - A good continuing poster

Andrew Seltzman Long time poster and fusioneer. Worked with water cooled grid concepts. Post with new ideas and concepts. Andrew introduced innovations in grid cooling and ion sources. These were a big contributions to fusor.net.

Liam David did fusion 7/6/19. Continued with advanced work on a novel feed thru and activated indium on 9/13/20


The Fusioneers - Proved to have achieved fusion

Scott Little 4/99
Joe Zambelli - Half mega neutron mark 12/01
Tom Ligon - First cylindrical fusor - (Part of Dr. Bussard's professional effort, but built a private fusor making neutrons 01/02)
Michael Li - winner $75k Intel scholarship (fusor)
Mike Amann
Gerardo Meiro - First non-US neutron Club member (Spain), inventor of the "Meiro spiral grid"
Phillip Fostini
Craig Wallace - winner $1.5k Intel 2nd place (Fusor)
Frank Sanns - Patented, plasma electrodes, tremendous effort in maintaining this forum as an admin, posting continuously 2000 - to date
Fergus Noble & Henry Hallam - first UK neutron members
Adam Parker - winner of $10k Alabama scholarship in science with his fusor
Mark Langdon
Thiago Olson
Wayne Rodgers
Eric Stroud
Wilfried Heil & Noemi Zudor - Smallest fusor ~3" diameter
Raymond Jimenez
Alex & Ben Haylett - first to use heavy water electrolysis to generate their deuterium gas.
Steven Sesselmann - first Aussie fusion, New Star system design

Utrecht University fusor group, poster is Benjamin Brenny
Group includes: Sander Mann, Dick Abma, Thijs Krijger, Remco Van den
Dungen, Nivard Kagie
Bob Heil
Peninsula College - student group
Ho Yee Hui, Derek Madison, Devon McMinn, Sarah Mangiameli
Chris Milroy, Aaron Stoll, Jeff Zirul
Roman Radtke
Louis Franzel
Taylor Wilson
Thomas Rapp - Also made a linear, beam-on-target fusion device
Tyler Christensen
Ben Bartlett - Attended Intel ISEF 2009
Doug Coulter & Bill Fain - A team effort with a highly successful cylindrical fusor
Matthew Honickman
Jason Heidecker
Mark Suppes
Robert Tubbs
Chris Roberts & Adam Behler - University of Utah
Chad Ramey - Smallest fusor
Will Jack
Fusor Project, Netherlands - Martijn Rambonnet, Bent de Lange
Alexander Klotz
Bob Thoma
Adam Ingle
Conrad Farnsworth
Mike Kovalchick
Tanner Oates
Daniel Firth
Michal Racko, Slovakia - supervisor/mentor Michal Stano, PhD.
Jake Hecla
Anthony ODwyer

**********************NWNC - Youth Team Effort****************
This is a special group of rotating students at the high school level that continuosuly
grows and changes over the academic years. They have won many 1st place awards
each year and well over $160,000 in scholarships to advance there members'
education. Thanks to superb mentoring,they are safely guided through the
fusion effort as each group comes on board. All the best to this one of a kind
fusion effort! Like the energizer bunny, they just keep on going and going.....


1. Kaylee O'Neal
2. Krystal Schuh
3. Eriik Snyder
4. Jocelyn McWayne
5. Chase Price
6. Jayce Glenn
7. Tanner Oates

NWNC Mentors/adult advisors
1. Kim Brown Command Master Chief USCG Retired
2. Berk Nadir Graduate Nuclear Engineering - Purdue University
3. Carl Greninger Operations Program Manager - Microsoft - main poster for his group's activities

This team endures over the years as new students enter the group and older ones matriculate out to colleges.
A fabulous hands-on effort thanks to the adult advisors involved in keeping everyone safe, teaching good practices along with the scientific method.


Special recognition to Robert Tubbs as the first "beam on target", (BoT) fusioneer using a custom designed accelerator to do same using an RF plasma ion source. Robert was already in the neutron club using his own fusor a couple of years back.


********************** Virgina Commonwealth University*********************
School of nuclear engineering
The 2014 senior project team has just completed their fusor,
without faculty involvement beyond oversight, and it is fusing!
They sought out and obtained outside funding to make this happen.
Admitted 4/11/14


Jack Puntawong, Thailand admitted 7/29/14
Bob Reite admitted 9/15/14
Nick Peskosky admitted 1/10/15
Ryan Catalano admitted 4/10/15
Bern Bareis admitted 4/23/15
Jamie Edwards admitted 6/11/15
Scott Moroch and Jack Rosky admitted 9/1/15
Jim Kovalchick admitted 10/19/15
Greg Courville admitteed 2/15/16
Daniel Itkis, Luca Ponzio and Johannes Konrad (team effort). admitted 3/21/16
Zan Chaudhry 9/21/16
Dennis Brown 2/15/17 Long time contributor and poster on fusor.net. Always a helpful poster of some note. He is a real help to many newbies.
Garrett Young 2/20/17 First person to ever exceed 1 million n/s TIER in a 2.75 conflat cross. Quickly hit 2.7 mega n/s!!
Nicholas Pitt 4/27/17
Bernhard Schistad 6/12/17
ERGO Fusion team......Tom Bales, Pedro Pavao, Tomas Pinilla, Kat Cochran, Zeke Andreassen, Gregory Bales. 7/29/17
Steven Haid 8/13/17
Robert Dwyer 11/5/17
Jackson Oswalt 2/1/18
Erik Smith 4/29/18
University of Maryland -Team effort - Scott Moroch, Tim Koeth, "Jimbo" Krutzler, Jay Howson 5/27/18
U. MD update: 1/11/20 Now 20 million n/s of D-D fusion in a team built Cyclotron!! The first Amateur built cyclotron to do fusion. They are also claiming First Amateurs to do fission with cyclotron neutrons!
Enzo Carter 1/29/19
Eduardo and Christiano Machado (father-son team) 10/27/19
Vince Darmancier 12/4/19
Nathan Marshall 5/9/20
Ameen Aydan 9/19/20


The following listing is due to the effort of Tom Ligon and represents
those people in the Neutron Club who attained fusion while still in
high school! Quite an accomplishment, to be sure.

Michael Li - winner $75k Intel scholarship (fusor), 2003
Craig Wallace - winner $1.5k Intel 2nd place (Fusor)
Adam Parker - winner of $10k Alabama scholarship in science
Thiago Olson - beautiful project, passed muster with state inspectors
Taylor Wilson
Tyler Christensen
Ben Bartlett- Ben attended ISEF 2009
Matthew Honickman
Chad Ramey – Student of Promise Award. Grand Award Georgia State
Engineering and Science fair...Beat out over 600 other exhibits.
Brian McDermott
Raymond Jimenez
Will Jack - science fair winner with fusor
Conrad Farnsworth
Michal Racko - Supervisor Michal Stano PhD.
Ryan Catalano
Charles Vorbach admitted 4/16/16
Kuba and Noah Anglin admitted 4/26/16
Sam_Samidi_Pugh 10/14/17
Matthew Lallinger 12/27/17
Jackson Oswalt 2/1/18 -
I will attempt to keep this listing up dated should future
high school students be inducted into the Neutron Club.


While most of the above have used the particle colliding, inertial
electrostatic confinement, "Farnsworth fusor" device, this list is
not limited to this form of fusion. Any form of actual AMATEUR,
"hands-on", experimental,fusion research effort and its success
will be logged here.

It must be realized that this list is not regularly purged based on
moribund activity. It is, instead, assembled to bear witness to any
and all who have put forth some fusion related effort in the past or
are working at present in the effort. Some of the folks on this list
have long ago departed or ceased work in their fusion quest.

Richard Hull
Last edited by Richard Hull on Wed Apr 24, 2013 6:18 pm, edited 1 time in total.
Progress may have been a good thing once, but it just went on too long. - Yogi Berra
Fusion is the energy of the future....and it always will be
Retired now...Doing only what I want and not what I should...every day is a saturday.

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Posts: 738
Joined: Thu Jun 14, 2001 4:49 pm
Real name: aka The Perfesser


Post by Paul_Schatzkin » Tue May 01, 2007 3:05 pm

I think these "rules" are good ones, Richard, and I commend you for your diligent maintenance of this list. As you say, it's a true testament to the measure of interest in this subject around the world.

Thanks for you tireless efforts.

Paul Schatzkin, aka "The Perfesser" – Founder and Host of Fusor.net
Author of The Boy Who Invented Television - http://farnovision.com/book.html
"Fusion is not 20 years in the future; it is 50 years in the past and we missed it."

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Richard Hull
Posts: 12515
Joined: Fri Jun 15, 2001 1:44 pm
Real name: Richard Hull


Post by Richard Hull » Thu Oct 29, 2020 11:36 pm

Due to the new stringent requirements to be placed in the "plasma Club", as of November 2020, not one application has been received. Is this a good thing? I think so.

The plasma club was originally created to act as a "holding pen" indicating a significant accomplishment for what was hoped to become future fusioneers. Unfortunately, it turned out to be, in large part, a landing zone for rather feckless DIY folks. Most were drawn in by easy access to some form of fame for having their name in a listing of successful "doers" on a fusion site. We have determined to no longer reward folks with a mangled wire internal electrode held within an inverted peanut butter jar with an ill-defined glow in it on our fusion site.

Naturally, we applaud any and all efforts to make a crude demo plasma device and will continue to gladly accept all images and efforts taken in this direction. Nothing has changed in this respect.

Currently, as configured, the plasma club is a haven of recognition and reward for those bold enough to be there. Being there is an honor and allows any and all there, "breathing space" and time to take the final critical steps towards actually doing fusion, if they so wish.

I imagine the plasma club may remain moribund and only pick up an occasional soul. It costs too much in physical effort, the doing, cash expenditure, and scrounging to wind up there and remain there for long. 80% of the work for becoming a full neutron club member is already done, if someone succeeds in being admitted there! All names of most plasma club members will continue to be purged from that list once they do fusion and are inducted into the neutron club. (Our highest honor) I would imagine the future names in the plasma club will be very few. Perhaps, the plasma club will even remain empty most of the time due to a much deserved promotion, to the neutron club, of those already lauded and recognized in the plasma club who make the extra 20% effort.

Richard Hull
Progress may have been a good thing once, but it just went on too long. - Yogi Berra
Fusion is the energy of the future....and it always will be
Retired now...Doing only what I want and not what I should...every day is a saturday.

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